|Other titles||Granting certain powers to chief justices in Territories|
|The Physical Object|
Article Three of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal Article Three, the judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court of the United States, as well as lower courts created by e Three empowers the courts to handle cases or controversies arising under federal law, as well as other enumerated areas. The question, then, was whether the Supreme Court could grant this request to issue a writ of mandamus and force Secretary of State James Madison to deliver the commissions. Power Politics. Marbury v. Madison was about power politics from the start. The reason it is celebrated today is Chief Justice John Marshall's deft and successful. The great Chief Justice was sworn into office in a byfoot committee room in the Capitol basement, politely furnished by the Senate for the Court’s use. In that tiny chamber, Marshall and his five associates began to hear the cases that were to raise the Court to prestige and pre-eminence. The chief justice is only mentioned once in the Constitution. Curiously, it is not in Article III, which establishes the Supreme Court. Rather, it is in Article I, which sets forth the powers of Congress but states that the chief justice shall preside over the Senate during any impeachment trial of .
Like all federal judges, the chief justice is nominated by the president of the United States and must be confirmed by the term-in-office of the chief justice is set by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution, which states that all federal judges "shall hold their offices during good behavior," meaning that chief justices serve for life, unless they die, resign, or are removed. Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) (), often referred to as the Dred Scott decision, was a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court in which the Court held that the US Constitution was not meant to include American citizenship for black people, regardless of whether they were enslaved or free, and so the rights and privileges that the Constitution confers upon American citizens. Appoints judges for the secret FISA court. It it should be noted that neither the constitution nor federal statutes specifically grant powers to the Chief Justice to administer the oath of office on the president and VP. Rather, it's more of a tradional practice. Any federal judge can administer the presidential oath of office. The Chief Justice of the United States is the senior judge of the Supreme Court of the United States.. They have no more powers than any of the other judges of the Supreme Court, who are called Associate Justices. The Chief Justice is responsible for organizing the Court's schedules and administration.
Annotations. In the territories, Congress has the entire dominion and sovereignty, national and local, and has full legislative power over all subjects upon which a state legislature might act. It may legislate directly with respect to the local affairs of a territory or it may transfer that function to a legislature elected by the citizens thereof, which will then be invested with all. By , however, there were two Justices from the First Circuit (Holmes and Brandeis) and three from the Sixth (Day, McReynolds and Clarke): the only Deep Southerner on that Supreme Court was Chief Justice White and, when he died the following year (to be replaced by former President Taft), there were to be no Deep Southerners on the Court; as. Yet such doubts have never plagued a majority of the Supreme Court, which as early as had determined — in an opinion authored by Chief Justice John Marshall — that “the government of the Union possesses the power of acquiring territory,” seeming to locate the power as a corollary to the federal government’s powers over “making war” and “making treaties.”. See 8 U.S.C. § (a) () (giving the Chief Justice the power to designate five federal district court judges to serve in five-year terms on the Alien Terrorist Removal Court, which hears all alien removal proceedings). 7 See 28 U.S.C. § (d) () (giving the Chief Justice the power to designate five to.